Sun Damage From Sun: Here’s All You Need To Know
There is no doubt that everybody needs sun exposure to produce vitamin D, which is important for stronger and healthier bone function. Sunlight helps to keep our sleeping patterns in place, controls chronic skin diseases and comes with a variety of other benefits. But unfortunately, there’s a downside as well. The sun’s ultraviolet light can cause major skin damage and lead to various skin woes that you would definitely not want. However, before searching for ways to prevent or reverse sun damage, you need to understand the effect of the sun on the skin. To help you with that here’s all you need to know about skin damage from the sun.
What is sun exposure?
The sun gives off different types of ultraviolet rays such as UVA, UVB and UVC that can help but also harm us if unprotected sun exposure takes place. The common form of sun exposure is UVA rays. On the other hand, UVB rays are less exposed but more intense whereas UVC rays are the worst when it comes to exposure. Fortunately, the good news is that we’re away from the risk of UVC rays as the ozone layer blocks these rays. On the other hand, the bad news is that even though you can’t see ultraviolet rays, they go through your skin and cause damage. Got a rash after sun exposure? Let’s understand why.
The outer layer of your skin, also known as the epidermis, contains a pigment known as melanin. Melanin is responsible for giving your skin its colour, protecting it, and creating vitamin D. Now, when your body tries to defend itself against UV rays, your skin changes its colour. People with lighter skin tones have less melanin and that’s the reason they change colour easily, calling it sunburn. This in turn causes skin cells to die and damage. Let’s understand more about skin damage from the sun.
Effect of the sun on the skin
- Creates moles and freckles
- Causes premature ageing and leads to the appearance of dark spots and wrinkles
- Slows down the production of new skin cells
- Damages the areas near your eyes
- Can lead to skin cancer
- Redness, itchiness, and inflammation
- Dry, flaky skin
Some ways to protect your skin from the harsh UV rays of the sun are –
- Don’t miss applying a cream with broad-spectrum SPF every day, even when you’re indoors. This will protect your skin from UVA plus UVB rays
- Keep yourself covered as much as possible. Wear long-sleeved t-shirts, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses whenever and wherever appropriate
- Look for shade whenever possible. Keep in mind that the sun’s rays are strongest between 10 AM to 4 PM. So, avoid unnecessary stepping out during those hours
- Follow a religious skincare routine to help your skin achieve maximum benefits and reverse sun damage with ease
- Adapt to a healthier diet that is rich in antioxidants to fight against UV rays skin damage from the sun
- Keep your skin moisturised as much as possible
- Use an antioxidant vitamin C serum to neutralise free radicles and prevent sun damage
Now that you know everything about skin damage from the sun, keep the above-mentioned things in mind and browse through a wide range of Garnier skincare products to pamper your skin with the love and care it needs.