Face Skin Discolouration – Reasons and Solutions
Everyone desires clear, even, and glowing skin. But you need to understand that there is no such thing as perfect skin; most of us have uneven skin. And uneven skin tone can take the form of redness, acne scars, age spots, or sun damage, which can cause blemishes or dark patches on the skin. Texture issues, blotchy skin, facial flushing, or hyperpigmentation are very common and can occur due to several reasons. Finding the cause of your uneven skin tone or texture is the first step to achieving clear skin. So, let’s take a closer look at what uneven skin tone means, reasons for uneven skin tone and what you can do about it.
What is an uneven skin tone on the face or body?
Uneven skin tone is a harmless and very common skin condition. This is when certain parts of your skin become darker than the rest, giving your skin an inconsistent colour and a blotchy appearance. Some people may refer to this condition as a pigmentation disorder. Many different conditions can affect the pigment cells, or melanocytes, present in the skin and cause discoloured patches of skin. Know about some of the most common uneven skin tone causes below.
Uneven skin tone causes
One of the most common reasons for uneven skin tone is hyperpigmentation. This is when the skin overproduces a pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair colour. Various other factors apart from hyperpigmentation can trigger face skin discolouration or uneven skin tone. Some of them are as follows.
1. Sun damage
Sun exposure triggers melanin production and causes a tan to develop. The UV rays damage your skin cells by making the exposed areas darker than the others.
2. Acne and acne scars
Acne can lead to skin inflammation and flushing, which can give the skin an uneven tone. This is also referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or hyperpigmentation acne.
3. Hormonal changes
Uneven skin tone can occur due to increased hormone production. This commonly occurs during pregnancy and can also affect people using birth control.
As you age, you get age-related spots on your face and other areas. Adults may tend to have more uneven facial skin than youngsters for many reasons. This can be due to sun exposure over the years and the use of certain drugs and medications including antibiotics over time.
5. Skin damage
Bug bites, burns and other forms of skin damage can also contribute to uneven skin tone on the face and body. Damaged skin triggers melanin, which leads to discolouration and patchy skin.
Uneven skin tone treatment
• Wear SPF daily
Using sunscreen every day can help protect your skin from the harsh rays of the sun. Prolonged sun exposure is the number one culprit behind face skin discolouration or uneven skin tone. Hence, applying sunscreen with broad-spectrum SPF is a great way to shield your skin, maintain its good health and radiance, and protect against skin tanning, dark spots, and sunburns. This will not only prevent redness and sunburns but also prevent the formation of age spots.
• Get rid of dead skin
Apart from your daily skincare routine, exfoliation is another great way to manage uneven skin tone. Scrubbing dives deep into the pores to remove excess oil, dirt and impurities from the skin. This way you can get rid of dead skin cells and bacteria from the surface of the skin. Exfoliating effectively clears the path for the ingredients in your serums and moisturisers to better penetrate the skin. However, be mindful and don’t over-exfoliate as it can cause dryness, irritation, and redness. We recommend that you exfoliate two to three times a week.
• Maintain a balanced diet
Don't just limit your uneven skin treatment to using suitable skincare products. Consider treating your skin from within. Avoid binging on unhealthy foods if you want to maintain your skin’s good health. Certain foods such as extra spicy, sugary, dairy or overly processed foods can trigger uneven complexions and speed up the development of age spots. Consuming large quantities of fresh fruits and vegetables can help heal your skin from within and give your skin the deserved protection against free radicals. Maintaining a balanced diet is a long-term solution for treating uneven skin tone.
Keep these things in mind and explore through a wide range of Garnier skincare products to rediscover your youthful radiance.