Causes of facial hyperpigmentation Causes of facial hyperpigmentation

Causes of facial hyperpigmentation

We all hope for even-toned skin. However, most of us have patches on our skin that are darker than our natural skin colour. These patches are known as hyperpigmentation and in most cases, they are completely normal! But what causes these dark patches to appear? There are several causes of facial hyperpigmentation and we are here to educate you about them. Keep reading to know more about the causes and solutions for hyperpigmentation!

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is when a certain part of your skin is darker in colour as compared to your natural skin colour. They can appear as small spots in different parts of your body. These patches are not harmful in most cases. However, it is wise to understand the  cause of facial hyperpigmentation and find a solution for it accordingly!

Causes of hyperpigmentation of the skin

1. Increase in melanin production

Melanin is produced by skin cells called melanocytes. It is a pigment that gives your skin colour. Increase in melanin can cause certain parts of your skin to become darker. The change is melanin is one of the primary causes of hyperpigmentation of the skin.

2. Sun damage

The harsh rays of the sun can be severely damaging for the skin. Continuous exposure to UV rays and sunlight can irritate the skin. It can also result in the appearance of sun spots and accelerate the process of ageing in skin. Prolonged exposure to the sun is one of the most common causes of facial hyperpigmentation. It also triggers and increase in melanin, which increases the appearance of dark spots in the skin.

To protect your skin from sun damage, it is necessary to use SPF everyday. Using a day cream enriched with SPF ensures your skin isn’t dehydrated and also protected from the harsh sun rays.

3. Severe acne

If you are prone to bouts of acne, we are sure you deal scarring on your face. After the pimple pops, it leaves behind a giant and nasty dark mark. This is why, occurrence of pimples is one of the causes of hyperpigmentation on the face and back as well.

The best way to avoid these marks is to not pop the pimple yourself. To calm and treat the pimple, you can use a sheet mask with green tea. However, if your pimple leaves behind a scar it is best to use a niacinamide sheet mask or vitamin C serum on it. This will lighten it over time and give your spotless skin.

4. Melasma and other medical conditions

Medications froms several medical conditions can cause darkening of the skin. In some women, the change in hormonal levels during preganancy can also be a cause of hyperpigmentation of the skin. This is also known as melasma. In such cases, it is best to consult a medical professional and seek out their advice.

Hyperpigmentation is a very common skin care concern. However, identifying the causes of facial hyperpigmentation and then treating them correctly can help combat it. Incorporating, vitamin C serum into your skin care routine can be rewarding. The benefits of vitamin C help even out your skin tone and gives it a beautiful glow. You can use high quality products from the Garnier Bright Complete skincare range to target various skin concerns and achieve your skin goals.